Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition)
How to Format APA-type Content in Presentation Slides
Note: The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed. 2010 does not specifically address formatting style content in presentation slides.
The following recommendations are based on information provided in Chapter 5 of the Manual, the APA Style Blog, and the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, 6th ed., 2012. Since space is limited on slides, use single line spacing in all cases (including references).
INSERTING & CAPTIONING ILLUSTRATIONS (images, pictures, etc.) retrieved from a web page
After inserting the illustration on the slide, you must caption it underneath, using single-spaced lines. The standard format is:
- Label each figure in order, beginning with number 1. The first image is labeled Figure 1.
- Using your own words, briefly describe what the figure shows.
- Reprinted (retained original appearance) / Adapted (modified appearance) statement.
- In-text citation. Note that format is different from References. The components: title/label of image, author/creator of image, publication year.
Example of a Diagram with no modification to appearance, with a title/label, author/creator is an organization, and publication/copyright date provided:
Figure 1. Chemicals are absorbed in the skin by passing through hair follicles. Reprinted from
Dermal Absorption, by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2012.
Example of Photograph with no modification to appearance, without a title/label, author/creator is an organization, and no publication/copyright date provided:
Figure 2. Connections of non-invasive neuromuscular electrical stimulation for treating dysphagia. Reprinted from [Untitled photograph of a woman], by Florida Hospital, n.d.
At the end of your presentation, you must list your references. Here are the references to the above images.
Although APA style requires double-spacing of reference entries, it is suggested to instead use single spacing on slides. Arrange entries alphabetically, and retain the hanging indent format in order to differentiate references.
Yes, you may copy & paste references from Zotero to presentation slides--contact a librarian for assistance.
[ Notes: APA Manual (p. 192) states: "Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material may change
over time." Since web page content often changes, provide the date of retrieval. Also, if you must split the URL between two lines, do so before a slash.]
Florida Hospital. (n.d.). [Untitled photograph of a woman.] Retrieved March 11, 2013, from
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2012). Dermal absorption [Diagram]. Retrieved March 11,
2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/skin/