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Criminal Justice

Connect from Off-Campus

Library electronic resources are meant to be accessed while on the LTE or NMU campus network.  If you are home for Thanksgiving Break or at a conference in Washington, D.C., and using an internet provider other than NMU, you will need to use the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client (otherwise known as a VPN client) to access Library e-resources.

The VPN client is installed on all NMU computers (Windows & Mac). If using a personal computer you can download the software from the links below.

After logging onto the VPN client with your NMU ID and password, you are assigned an IP address associated with NMU.  To any website you visit it will appear you are associated with NMU.

OneSearch Guide

OneSearch is the central index to the library's collections. There are 4 search options within OneSearch: Everything, Articles, Library Catalog, and Course Reserves.  Each tab below details how to search in these options.  Two separate tabs walk you through requesting something via Interlibrary Loan (ILL).  The last tab, Using Advanced Search, describes ways to use that method across all 4 options. 

Suggest a Topic:  If you have a topic you would like to see represented in this guide, send us Feedback.

Boolean image of OneSearch

Everything, the default search, will search all of the collections at once.  It can be overwhelming because of the sheer number of hits that result.  You might consider limiting your search to the Library Catalog or Articles.  It's up to you.

A search for climate change, from the search box on the library homepage, looks like this:

library homepage search

The search from here is immediately in Everything, which brings back, in this example, nearly 11 million results!  That's too many.  Searching from now on, once you're in OneSearch, allows you to tell the system where to search.

sample seaerch 2

Let's alter our search by putting quotes around "climate change", because it's a phrase.  We aren't interested in climate or change by themselves, but the phrase "climate change".  We'll still search Everything, and get over 7 million this time, but then we'll narrow the results down even more.

"climate change" as a phrase

Off to the right-hand side of your over 7 million hits is "Refine your results".  Here is where you have the power to significantly narrow down your reults.  The image below, adjusted for space, indicates what you can narrow your results to.

Refining your results

As you can see, there is a lot of sorting and narrowing down you can do.  If you find something that is not available immediately, request it.  The image below is what you'll see.  The Interlibrary Loan tab on this guide walks you through this process.

ILL sign in

Articles searches the full-text of peer-reviewed journals, magazines, newspapers and other periodicals. It also searches the full-text of ebooks, streaming video, dissertations/theses, conference papers, and government documents.  It really is a lot more than what you might consider articles.  Keeping with our "climate change" example, let's limit the results to articles:

climate change article results

To limit these results to Peer-Reviewed Journals, Click the Peer-reviewed journals link on the right-hand side to limit results to this type of material. If limiting to multiple availability options, click each checkbox then click Apply Filters.

limit to peer review

This will further narrow down your results--can you see a pattern?  The more you select, the narrower your results.  Articles available online will indicate such available online and might require you to log in with your NMU username and password and 2-factor authentication to a database:

pick your database

If you see an article that you want but OneSearch indicates that there is no online access, request it.  The image below is what you'll see.  The Interlibrary Loan tab on this guide walks you through this process. 

how to get it

Library Catalog searches the complete holdings of the library's print and electronic collection. This includes books, book chapter titles, video and sound recordings, maps and government documents, and the Pre-K thru 12 collection. You will not find articles in a Library Catalog search.  Video: How to find a book (1:18).  Video: How to find an ebook (1:45).

library catalog climate change

The default list is relevance--you may want to sort by date or title--it's up to you.  You also can limit your results to what we have physically in the library or results that are electronic only (you can view these anywhere on your device) as well as the material type.

library sort 1

You are also able to limit your search to a particular author, date, language, etc, including location.  

location in library

Clicking on the title of a book (or DVD or whatever NMU has in its physical collection) brings up more information.  In this example, this publication is both here at the library and online:

Bibliographic record

Limit results to: Holocaust Collection. As part of your search include the phrase "NMU Holocaust"., and you can further limit your results to various Material Types (books, videos, etc.) in the "Refine your results" section.

primo holocaust collection

Course Reserves, will look for those items (usually books or a video) set aside by your professor for a specific course.  These often have a limit of 2 hours in-library use only.  To search, simply type in your class number.  For example, DFST 252.  The material is available at the service desk.

course reserves

  

In addition to requesting a book through OneSearch, you can also search for and request books through MelCat and WorldCat directly.

As much as you have access to electronically, even more is available elsewhere with just a short wait.  Within OneSearch it is easy to request books or media or articles that are owned by another library.  Here is a book we do not have: 

ILL book

There is no call number and no indication of online access.  "Check for available services" really means "Pleases sign in to check if there are any request options".  Click the Sign in text.  You will be prompted to sign in with your NMU credentials and, if you've activated it, your 2-factor authentication:

log on to NMU

Once you are signed in, you have a choice on which kind of ILL service you'd like.  Request @ MelCat is a statewide system for Michigan libraries (the item might arrive faster), while the @ Interlibrary is nationwide.  

ILL choice

And here I have to stop and say that we are working out some bugs.  If you have gotten this far within OneSearch and have noticed "things aren't right", you are correct.  Give us a call or Ask Us (right hand side) of screen, and we'll sort things out.  We appreciate your patience.

Within OneSearch (and most databases), requesting an article that NMU does not have is the same as requesting a book we do not have.  Video: Interlibrary loan of an article (some sign-in images have changed since) (2:36).  Within databases, look for the Get it@NMU link; within OneSearch, "Check for available services" really means "Pleases sign in to check if there are any request options".  Click the Sign in text.  You will be prompted to sign in with your NMU credentials and, if you've activated it, your 2-factor authentication:

log on to NMU

Once you have signed on, you will be prompted to pick a method: pick Request Article @ InterLibrary Loan.  MelCat does not lend articles.

request article

Clicking that link opens up another window.  All that remains is for you to type in your phone number and select request.  We'll take it from here.  You will get an email immediately telling you that we have received it, and in a few days, an email with a link to the article.  The video at the top of this tab explains it a bit more.

To the right of the search box, once you have made a search, is Advanced Search.  Although most people continue to use the single search box, it is to your advantage to switch to the advanced search screen.  It may look intimidating, but it gives you the means to make a better search.  Each of the 4 search options can be searched this way.

Advanced search

You can change where you want to search.  This is helpful in narrowing down resources to relevant ones.  For example, in the search below, "great lakes" has been changed to subject, microplastics has also been added as a subject, and a third line has been added with fish.  Your searches can be created the same way.

Advanced search 2

33 results is a manageble number to look through.  Further narrowing down is possible (material type, date, availability, etc).

Michigan State Police — State & Local statistics (by county & city/township reporting agency). You might also try looking at specific cities and jurisdictions (scroll down for links to county and city governments).

Federal Bureau of Investigation Reports & Publications

U. S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics

List of statistical sources on crime and prisons from the University of Michigan (some links may be available only for UM).

USA.gov search for crime statistics Michigan (you can, of course, substitute any state name). This search engine only searches government sites (federal, state, local, military) and is a great place to start for statistics.

Campus Safety and Security. From the Office of Postsecondary Education, find recent (last year and earlier) crime statistics for NMU as well as other schools in the U.S. using their Campus Safety and Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool Website. Select one of five types of data reports from the categories displayed on the main page.

NMU Public Safety Activity Log

CrimeReports.org. This website claims that it "is the nation's largest collection of law enforcement agencies committed to transparency, public access, and citizen engagement." You might notice that not all local jurisdictions participate--it's up to the agency to participate in this website.

U.S. Crisis Monitor. Data on political violence, demonstrations, and strategic developments in the United States.

Be careful when you land on any website, really, that talks about statistics but doesn't cite the source.  Evaluating Internet Sources--check out the page you landed on.  Is it acceptable to you?  To your prof if you cite it in a paper? 

National Criminal Justice Reference Service Abstracts
Contains journal articles, books, and other resources on the subjects of corrections, courts, drugs, law enforcement, juvenile justice, crime statistics, domestic preparedness, and victims. 1970 to the present.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service Virtual Library— This links to the advanced search screen of the free version, available from the Department of Justice, of the database above.  Direct links out to scholarly journals might not work as well.  

Michigan Legislature (Michigan Penal Code begins in Section 750)

Michigan Courts — official Michigan government web site

Legal Source
Includes over 1,200 full-text journals and over 2.5 million records, including book reviews and case citations. Offers information centered on the discipline of law and legal topics such as criminal justice, international law, organized crime, ethics, the environment. Brought to you by the Library of Michigan via the Michigan eLibrary (https://mel.org).

Westlaw Next 
Provides access to a variety of legal information, including federal and state case law, the United States Code Annotated, the Code of Federal Regulations, the Federal Register, state statutes and administrative codes, and more. Also included are 900 law journals and reviews.

Homeland Security Digital Library — Although a resource for homeland security policy, strategy, and organizational management, a surprising amount of federal, state, and local resources for law enforcement can be found here.

NMU's Loss Prevention Library Guide

Blackwell Companion to Criminology.

Oxford Companion to American Law 
This resource takes as its starting point the insight that law is embedded in society, and that to understand American law one must necessarily ask questions about the relationship between it and the social order, now and in the past. The volume takes seriously issues involving laws role in structuring decisions about governance, the significance of state and local law and legal institutions, and the place of American law in a comparative international perspective.

See also NMU's Legal Resources guide.

Journals, books, and other resources covering psychology and psychological aspects of related disciplines including: anthropology, business, education, law, linguistics, medicine, nursing, pharmacology, physiology, and sociology. 1805 to present.

Sixty full text journals from the American Psychological Association and other publishers. 1985 to present.

Journal articles, books, and other resources on all aspects of sociology and related disciplines. Subjects include demography, environmental interactions, family and social welfare, social psychology, human biology, women's studies, health, medicine, law, etc. 1952 to present; abstracts since 1974.

Journal articles, books, and other resources relating to education--from early childhood to higher education. Views 'education' very broadly and covers areas such as outdoor education, corporate training, speech language therapy, etc. 1966 to present.

Journals, books, and other resources on subjects including nursing, emergency services, nutrition, occupational therapy, physical therapy, optometry, public health, speech-language pathology & audiology, and surgical technology. 1937 to present.

MEDLINE — Indexes Medicine, Biomedical, and Nursing scholarly/professional journals. Covers material published 1965-present. And there is a free version from the National Library of Medicine.

Academic Search Complete
A multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 7,300 full-text, peer-reviewed journals. This database also offers indexing and abstracts for more than 12,500 journals and other publications. Brought to you by the Library of Michigan via the Michigan eLibrary (https://mel.org).

Encyclopedia of American Prisons 
This work has been compiled with the belief that everyone should be familiar with the history and current operations of American prisons systems. Entries have been written by authors who know the subject matter well, and many begin with a historical discussion to help frame the issues.

Encyclopedia of Crime & Justice 
An interdisciplinary source that addresses not only law but also sociology, psychology, history and economics. Entries vary widely from abortion to rape and from family violence to wiretapping, offering a mirror of issues dominating today's headlines. This edition is a complete update and revision of the previous edition that includes new essays on topics such as stalking, hate crimes, and HIV.

Encyclopedia of International Organized Crime 
Bibliographic information about individuals and organizations involved in international organized crime. Includes references.

Google Scholar
Journal articles, books, and other resources across many subjects. Provides a "cited by" feature to indicate other papers containing a source paper as a reference.

National Center for Campus Public Safety
A government-funded centralized clearinghouse designed to support campus officials in creating safer and stronger campus communities, provide useful resources and information to support safer campus communities.

Legal Information Institute (Cornell Law School) — one of the top law meta-sites

Center for Problem Oriented Policing. — an excellent resource with many online publications.

FindLaw.com — another of the top law meta-sites

CrimeSolutions.gov. From the Office of Justice Programs. This resource uses rigorous research to inform practitioners and policy makers about what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services.

Hall of Justice 
A searchable inventory of publicly available criminal justice datasets and research that contains nearly 10,000 datasets and research documents from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and the federal government. The data was collected between September 2014 and October 2015. From the Sunlight Foundation.

National Conference of State Legislatures: Legislative Responses for Policing-State Bill Tracking Database
Up-to-date, real-time information on law enforcement legislation that has been introduced in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The database contains policing bills and executive orders introduced as of May 25, 2020, that are in response to recent events.  You can search legislation for by state, topic, keyword, year, status or primary sponsor.

United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute - UNICRI 
Created in 1968 to assist intergovernmental, governmental and non-governmental organizations in formulating and implementing improved policies in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice. The aim of UNICRI is to promote national self-reliance and the development of institutional capabilities. To this end, UNICRI provides a one-stop facility offering high-level expertise in crime prevention and criminal justice problems. Click on Documentation/Information Centre for online publications.

Evaluating Internet Resources: yes, you've been surfing for years now, but do you ask yourself these questions when you land on a website? Do you have the guts to use a resource you've found online without checking it out first?

Related to the above, Fake News.  Check what you have just seen online, please.

Google Advanced Search. Use this to your advantage.

USA.gov— Federal & State & Local government search engine.
USA.gov is your online guide to government information and services. USA.gov searches only federal, state, and local government websites available to the public. Its search box works like other search engines you're used to, but USA.gov only returns results from government web pages, most ending in .gov or .mil.

Criminal Justice blogs worth following.

CataList. Yes, listservs are still relevant.

 

Professional Development and Assessment

General Career Resources

Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance - HF 5381 .E52 

Occupational Outlook Handbook. Look up occupations, their pay, growth rate, education level.  So many labor and job statistics come from this resource.

Career Outlook. From the Bureau of Labor Statistics, a magazine that provides data and information on occupations and industries, their pay and benefits, and more.

O*NET Formerly the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, this online resource is touted as the nation's primary resource of occupation information. 

Learning Express Library
An online guide to test preparation. Includes practice tests for: academic, advanced placement, basic skills success, U.S. citizenship, civil service, college preparation (ACT, SUNY, SAT), cosmetology, EMS, ESL (Spanish, firefighter, GED, graduate school entrance (GRE, GMAT, LSAT, MCAT), law enforcement, military, real estate, and teacher certification (PPST,CBEST). Brought to you by the State of Michigan via the Michigan eLibrary (http://mel.org).

 Practice tests and tutorial courses for a variety of occupations including 10 in the field of Law Enforcement. Free access to NMU students (you just have to sign in first).

Career Infonet. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor.  Information and data in the Occupation Profile come from several U.S. Department of Labor data sources. 
Monster.com.
CareerBuilder.com 
JobStar.org

Specific Career Resources

Believe it or not, when using a library catalog, the search term for finding out about a career is "vocational guidance",followed by the name of the job or occupation ("law enforcement", or police, or "criminal justice", or "private security services", etc). Additional terms--recruiting (used with police), public safety. Here are some recent publications in this area:

Today's police and sheriff recruits: insights from the newest members of America's law enforcement community. Castaneda, Laura, and Ridgeway, Greg E-book
Exploring and understanding careers in criminal justice: a comprehensive guide.  E-book.
Mentoring in the criminal justice professions: conveyance of the craft. By Frank A. Colaprete. HV9950 .C57 2009
Women in the Security Profession: a Practical Guide for Career Development.  E-book
Federal law enforcement careers: profiles of 250 high-powered positions and tactics for getting hired. By Thomas Ackerman. HV8143 .A64 2006.
Careers in criminal justice and related fields: from internship to promotion. By J. Scott Harr. HV8143 .H327 2006.
Guide to landing a career in law enforcement. By John E. Douglas.  E-book.
Homeland security and federal law enforcement career guide. HV6432.4 .H653 2005 
Careers with government security and intelligence agencies: F.B.I. Federal Bureau of Investigation, C.I.A. Central Intelligence Agency, Secret Service, Defense Intelligence Agency, National Security Agency, Bureau of Diplomatic Security  E-book
Careers in criminology. By Marilyn D. Morgan.  E-book.

Job Search Websites: Law Enforcement

There are, naturally, pretty specific sites about anything. If you conduct a Google search for the web address of any of these, then search "similar pages". There are many more: some looked a bit hokey to me and I did not include them in this list. 

The NMU Department of Criminal Justice has a webpage on employment.
911HotJobs
TheBlueLine
USAJOBS. (specific to the Federal Government) 

Local Information--Where do you want to live?

Places Rated Almanac.  E-book.
BestPlaces (includes crime statistics) 
CityData
CityRating

QuickFacts from the U.S. Census Bureau. It all starts with the Census Bureau data. State, county, and place data (demographic, economic).

Cost of moving estimates. This information can also be found on some of the general career resources websites.

Real estate costs. Zillow is a popular website for this information.

Climate data. Easy to use website. Locate a place by name, anywhere in the world.

State and Local Government on the Net. Listing, and links, to all state and local government offices (for those that have a web presence--not all do ). The Municipal Yearbook also has a listing of contacts.

OnlineNewspapers.com
Refdesk Newspapers

Would you like to be near a good college? The College Navigator, from the National Center for Education Statistics. 
U.S. News and World Reportsranks the best colleges every year. NMU has electronic access to this magazine, and U.S. News and World Reports provides a free sample of these rankings.

And on a very personal note, how does the city or community treat its Public Library? What is it like?

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