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Criminal Justice

Michigan State Police — State & Local statistics (by county & city/township reporting agency). You might also try looking at specific cities and jurisdictions.

Federal Bureau of Investigation Reports & Publications

U. S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics

List of statistical sources on crime and prisons from the University of Michigan (some links may be available only for UM). search for crime statistics Michigan (you can, of course, substitute any state name). This search engine only searches government sites (federal, state, local, military) and is a great place to start for statistics.

Campus Safety and Security. From the Office of Postsecondary Education, find recent (last year and earlier) crime statistics for NMU as well as other schools in the U.S. using their Campus Safety and Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool Website. Select one of five types of data reports from the categories displayed on the main page.

NMU Public Safety Activity Log This website claims that "is the nation's largest collection of law enforcement agencies committed to transparency, public access, and citizen engagement." You might notice that not all local jurisdictions participate--it's up to the agency to participate in this website.

Be careful when you land on any website of this nature and check the sources (as is listed below regarding Internet resources). You might be better off going directly to the source material at the local level.

 Internet searching tips for locating statistical resources (8:11).

 (National Criminal Justice Reference Service) — The premier database in this field is available in two versions, one from ProQuest and the other free from the Department of Justice. Both contain citations to scholarly & trade journal articles, books, book chapters, reports/documents, theses & dissertations, and conference papers. There is an A-Z list of publications in the free version which can be sorted by publication date or upload date.

**I recommend using the free version (as there are difficulties with the subscription version) and then using the OneSearch tool (or Google Scholar) to locate the resource.

Database basics (9:58).

The free version has a better thesaurus, which is explained in a video below.

Searching in NCJRS and getting what you've found (5:36).
Subjects/Thesarus searches in ProQuest and Free NCJRS (6:01).

Assignment 3 video for Richard Laucks CJ465 (7:25).The appearance of this webpage in the video has changed somewhat, but the information in the video remains the same.

Michigan Legislature (Michigan Penal Code begins in Section 750)

Michigan Courts — official Michigan government web site

Includes over 1,200 full-text journals and over 2.5 million records, including book reviews and case citations. Offers information centered on the discipline of law and legal topics such as criminal justice, international law, organized crime, ethics, the environment. Brought to you by the Library of Michigan via the Michigan eLibrary (

– Includes over 1,200 full-text journals and over 2.5 million records, including book reviews and case citations. Offers information centered on the discipline of law and legal topics such as criminal justice, international law, organized crime, ethics, the environment. Brought to you by the Library of Michigan via the Michigan eLibrary (

Provides access to a variety of legal information, including federal and state case law, the United States Code Annotated, the Code of Federal Regulations, the Federal Register, state statutes and administrative codes, and more. Also included are 900 law journals and reviews.

 — Comprehensive full-text law resource. All Federal and state regulations & laws, published court decisions, encyclopedias and digests, etc. Covers material published 1700s-present.

Homeland Security Digital Library — Although a resource for homeland security policy, strategy, and organizational management, a surprising amount of federal, state, and local resources for law enforcement can be found here.

NMU's Loss Prevention Library Guide

Blackwell Companion to Criminology.

Oxford Companion to American Law 
This resource takes as its starting point the insight that law is embedded in society, and that to understand American law one must necessarily ask questions about the relationship between it and the social order, now and in the past. The volume takes seriously issues involving laws role in structuring decisions about governance, the significance of state and local law and legal institutions, and the place of American law in a comparative international perspective.

See also NMU's Legal Resources guide.

Journals, books, and other resources covering psychology and psychological aspects of related disciplines including: anthropology, business, education, law, linguistics, medicine, nursing, pharmacology, physiology, and sociology. 1805 to present.

Sixty full text journals from the American Psychological Association and other publishers. 1985 to present.

Journal articles, books, and other resources on all aspects of sociology and related disciplines. Subjects include demography, environmental interactions, family and social welfare, social psychology, human biology, women's studies, health, medicine, law, etc. 1952 to present; abstracts since 1974.

Journal articles and other resources focused on social work, human services, and related areas, including social welfare, social policy, and community development. 1979 to present.

Journal articles, books, and other resources relating to education--from early childhood to higher education. Views 'education' very broadly and covers areas such as outdoor education, corporate training, speech language therapy, etc. 1966 to present.

Journals, books, and other resources on subjects including nursing, emergency services, nutrition, occupational therapy, physical therapy, optometry, public health, speech-language pathology & audiology, and surgical technology. 1937 to present.

MEDLINE — Indexes Medicine, Biomedical, and Nursing scholarly/professional journals. Covers material published 1965-present. And there is a free version from the National Library of Medicine.

A multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 7,300 full-text, peer-reviewed journals. This database also offers indexing and abstracts for more than 12,500 journals and other publications. Brought to you by the Library of Michigan via the Michigan eLibrary (

Encyclopedia of American Prisons 
This work has been compiled with the belief that everyone should be familiar with the history and current operations of American prisons systems. Entries have been written by authors who know the subject matter well, and many begin with a historical discussion to help frame the issues.

Encyclopedia of Crime & Justice 
An interdisciplinary source that addresses not only law but also sociology, psychology, history and economics. Entries vary widely from abortion to rape and from family violence to wiretapping, offering a mirror of issues dominating today's headlines. This edition is a complete update and revision of the previous edition that includes new essays on topics such as stalking, hate crimes, and HIV.

Encyclopedia of International Organized Crime 
Bibliographic information about individuals and organizations involved in international organized crime. Includes references.

Journal articles, books, and other resources across many subjects. Provides a "cited by" feature to indicate other papers containing a source paper as a reference.

Legal Information Institute (Cornell Law School) — one of the top law meta-sites

Center for Problem Oriented Policing. — an excellent resource with many online publications. — another of the top law meta-sites From the Office of Justice Programs. This resource uses rigorous research to inform practitioners and policy makers about what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services.

Hall of Justice 
A searchable inventory of publicly available criminal justice datasets and research that contains nearly 10,000 datasets and research documents from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and the federal government. The data was collected between September 2014 and October 2015. From the Sunlight Foundation.

United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute - UNICRI 
Created in 1968 to assist intergovernmental, governmental and non-governmental organizations in formulating and implementing improved policies in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice. The aim of UNICRI is to promote national self-reliance and the development of institutional capabilities. To this end, UNICRI provides a one-stop facility offering high-level expertise in crime prevention and criminal justice problems. Click on Documentation/Information Centre for online publications.

Evaluating Internet Resources: yes, you've been surfing for years now, but do you ask yourself these questions when you land on a website? Do you have the guts to use a resource you've found online without checking it out first?

Google Advanced Search. Use this to your advantage.

— Federal & State & Local government search engine.

Criminal Justice blogs worth following.

CataList. Yes, listservs are still relevant.

Tips on Internet Searching (12:27)

Professional Development and Assessment

General Career Resources

Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance - HF 5381 .E52 
Occupational Outlook Handbook
Career Outlook
O*NET Formerly the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, this online resource is touted as the nation's primary resource of occupation information. 

An online guide to test preparation. Includes practice tests for: academic, advanced placement, basic skills success, U.S. citizenship, civil service, college preparation (ACT, SUNY, SAT), cosmetology, EMS, ESL (Spanish, firefighter, GED, graduate school entrance (GRE, GMAT, LSAT, MCAT), law enforcement, military, real estate, and teacher certification (PPST,CBEST). Brought to you by the State of Michigan via the Michigan eLibrary (

 Practice tests and tutorial courses for a variety of occupations including 10 in the field of Law Enforcement. Free access to NMU students (you just have to sign in first).

Career Infonet. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor.

Specific Career Resources

Believe it or not, when using a library catalog, the search term for finding out about a career is "vocational guidance",followed by the name of the job or occupation ("law enforcement", or police, or "criminal justice", or "private security services", etc). Additional terms--recruiting (used with police), public safety. Here are some recent publications in this area:

Today's police and sheriff recruits: insights from the newest members of America's law enforcement community. Castaneda, Laura, and Ridgeway, Greg E-book
Exploring and understanding careers in criminal justice: a comprehensive guide.  E-book.
Mentoring in the criminal justice professions: conveyance of the craft. By Frank A. Colaprete. HV9950 .C57 2009
Women in the Security Profession: a Practical Guide for Career Development.  E-book
Federal law enforcement careers: profiles of 250 high-powered positions and tactics for getting hired. By Thomas Ackerman. HV8143 .A64 2006.
Careers in criminal justice and related fields: from internship to promotion. By J. Scott Harr. HV8143 .H327 2006.
Guide to landing a career in law enforcement. By John E. Douglas.  E-book.
Homeland security and federal law enforcement career guide. HV6432.4 .H653 2005 
Careers with government security and intelligence agencies: F.B.I. Federal Bureau of Investigation, C.I.A. Central Intelligence Agency, Secret Service, Defense Intelligence Agency, National Security Agency, Bureau of Diplomatic Security  E-book
Careers in criminology. By Marilyn D. Morgan.  E-book.

Job Search Websites: Law Enforcement

There are, naturally, pretty specific sites about anything. If you conduct a Google search for the web address of any of these, then search "similar pages". There are many more: some looked a bit hokey to me and I did not include them in this list. 

The NMU Department of Criminal Justice has a webpage on employment.
USAJOBS. (specific to the Federal Government) 

Local Information--Where do you want to live?

Places Rated Almanac.  E-book.
BestPlaces (includes crime statistics) 

QuickFacts from the U.S. Census Bureau. It all starts with the Census Bureau data. State, county, and place data (demographic, economic).

Cost of moving estimates. This information can also be found on some of the general career resources websites.

Real estate costs. Zillow is a popular website for this information.

Climate data. Easy to use website. Locate a place by name, anywhere in the world.

State and Local Government on the Net. Listing, and links, to all state and local government offices (for those that have a web presence--not all do ). The Municipal Yearbook also has a listing of contacts.

List of Newspapers
Refdesk Newspapers

Would you like to be near a good college? The College Navigator, from the National Center for Education Statistics. 
U.S. News and World Reportsranks the best colleges every year. NMU has electronic access to this magazine, and U.S. News and World Reports provides a free sample of these rankings.

And on a very personal note, how does the city or community treat its Public Library? What is it like?

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